Skatepark Terminology: Guide to Features Found in Skateparks

Linda Vista Skatepark street plaza

Skateboarding has its own idiosyncratic lexicon that developed during its origins as a fringe sport. While some terms have become common parlance – like “halfpipe” or “ollie” – others are more obscure.

To help decode skater the lingo, below are the names of some of the common features found in skateboard parks along with photos – where available.


Linda Vista full-pipe

A full pipe is pretty much what it sounds like, a complete tube that can be skated. The earlier versions of these were storm drains, but eventually, they made their way into skateparks.


Once you know what a full pipe is, a halfpipe is pretty self-explanatory. A halfpipe is the bottom half of a full pipe, typically with a flat bottom that creates some space between the transitions (and some time to think about your next trick).

Half pipes that are large enough (typically in the 10 – 12 foot range) that the top of the transition curve reaches vertical for some distance are referred to as vert ramps. Smaller ramps that don’t reach vertical are called mini ramps and are typically much smaller (often in the 4-6 foot range).


Park de la Cruz skatepark ledge
Long quarterpipe (mini) forming the boundary of a skatepark

The math here is pretty simple: a quarter pipe is half of a halfpipe. That means it only has one transition. Quarterpipes can also be mini ramps or vert ramps. In-ground concretes skateparks will often have long quarterpipes that serve as the outer edge of the park


Prince Skatepark snake run
Small capsule in the snake run at Prince Park in Oceanside, California.

A capsule is a half-circular over-vert section of a bowl. Often, capsules look like a sphere cut in half and turned on its side. Some capsules, like the one in the photo above, are just barely over vert.


City Heights Skatepark
Spine in the middle of a flow bowl.

When you put two quarterpipes back to back they form a spine. These can connect different sections of bowls or halfpipes, or be stand-alone features.


The first skateable bowls were backyard pools. Whereas a halfpipe is open at both ends, a bowl is fully or mostly enclosed, offering carvable corners. Bowls are often described based on their shape. An oval bowl is called an “egg,” for instance, an oval bowl that bends in the middle a “peanut”, and a clover-shaped bowl is called a cloverleaf.


Poway Skatepark biker
Extension on a bank that forms a quarter pipe.

An extension on a ramp, bowl, or bank is a section of the riding surface that projects higher than the primary lip. On vert ramps, this section may provide a taller section of vertical surface to skate.


Bank down stairs
This half-moon-shaped bank lets skaters carve or grind around these stairs.

A bank is a skateable surface that angles up or down from the flat ground. As skatepark features, banks are often paired with other features and put together to form pyramids, A-frames and other more complex features.


Alga Norte Skatepark street plaza
Two quarter pipes meet at a right angle to form a hip.

A hip is a bend in a curved or flat transition so that the two faces turn away from each other. This creates a ridge in the middle, which allows skaters to air or grind over.

Flat Rail

Park de la Cruz skatepark rail
Flat rail

A flat rail is a long rail on flat ground that skaters can rail slide and grind.


Stairs in a skatepark
This set of stairs has a handrail down both sides.

Stairs are pretty much what they sound like. Skaters may ollie the steps or ride the handrails, hubbas, or ledges associated with them (see below). The size of a set of stairs is often given based on the number of steps. So a “six” is a set of stairs with six steps.

Modern skateparks often have banks next to stairs so skaters can navigate the drop without having to ollie the stairs or slide a hand rail.

Hand Rail

Skater ollying onto a handrail at Poods Skatepark in Encinitas, California.

A handrail is a railing down a set of stairs or a bank. Handrails are a common street skating element that started in the built environment and are now emulated in skateparks.


Big hubbas next to stairs and banks at City Heights Skatepark in San Diego.

Hubbas are tall narrow ledges that angle down a set of steps or a bank. In skateparks, they are often made of concrete and edged with metal, though not always.


Park de la Cruz skatepark ledge
Ledge butted up against a quarterpipe.

A ledge is one of the simplest features, an elevated box with a long edge that can be skated. Ledges can be high or low, short or tall, and are often mixed in with other features.

Manual Box (aka Manny Pad)

Manual box
Just because it’s called a Manny Pad doesn’t mean you have to manual.

Also called a “manny box,” these are typically flat, elevated platforms that skaters can wheely across (aka “manual.” Manual boxes are often combined with other features to form more complex structures for skating.


This A-frame has a matching rail, hubba, and bank.

An A-frame is essentially two flat ramps placed back to back to form a wedge. They are often combined with rails, ledges, and hubbas.


Transition skatepark
The metal edge on the side of this quarterpipe shows off the curve of the transition.

The word “transition” refers to the curve surface of a skateboard ramp or bowl found in a skatepark. This is in contrast to “banks” which are typically flat angled surfaces (though sometimes banks have small transitions where they meet the flat ground. Skater often use “transition skating” to mean skating a ramp or bowl and to contrast with “street skating,” meaning to skate features like steps, handrails and ledges.


The flat surface at the top of a ramp or bowl is called the “deck.” This is where skaters will stand when they are waiting to take a turn.


The lip is the edge at the top of a ramp or bank where the riding surface and the deck meet. Typically, there is some kind of coping on the lip, such as pipe, metal angle, or concrete pool coping. This provides a surface to grind and may help skaters pop away from the lip when they do airs.


A ramp or bowl that curves enough so that the portion near the top is perpendicular to the level ground (and so is a vertical wall) is referred to as a vert ramp or vert bowl. People will say Tony Hawk and other big ramp riders are “vert skaters” because they ride vert ramps.


Skatepark Gap
Skaters ollie over this gap at Linda Vista skatepark in San Diego.

A gap is any break in a ramp, bank, or even the ground that prevents skaters from simply rolling over it. Typically, skaters will air over a gap.

Euro Gap

Euro Gap Alga Norte
A small Euro gap at Alga Norte skatepark in Carlsbad, California.

When a bank up to a deck ends before it reaches the top of the deck, creating a break in the riding surface, it’s called a Euro gap. From what I can tell, the name stems from a skate contest in Europe, where such a feature was first introduced in competition.

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